FREQUENT ASK QUESTION
What are laminate floors and how are they made?
Laminate flooring is a versatile, durable, attractive flooring product that can take on several different appearances like stone or tile but it’s known mostly for looking like hardwood. Although they look the same, there is actually no solid wood used in the construction of a laminate floor. Laminates are made up of several layers of material fused together under high pressure. Most laminate flooring consists of a moisture resistant layer under a layer of HDF (high density fiberboard) or MDF (medium density fiberboard). This is topped with a high-resolution photographic image of a natural wood floor. It is then finished with an extremely hard, clear coating made from special resin-coated cellulose to protect it from wear and tear. Laminate flooring is perfect for anyone wanting a durable floor for a fraction of the price and installation time of a hardwood floor, but with the attractiveness of real hardwood. Laminate is also environment-friendly as it uses less wood in its construction and makes more efficient use of the wood fiber that is used.
What is the difference between laminate flooring and hardwood flooring?
Both laminate and hardwood flooring can be used to finish homes or provide flooring for offices and businesses. While some people still prefer hardwood, there are several advantages to choosing laminate. Solid hardwood (usually 3/4" thick) must be installed only above grade to avoid warping and cupping. Laminates, however are more versatile giving you the look of wood above or below grade. Unlike hardwood, they can be installed over other flooring surfaces, meaning that you can install laminate over old kitchen linoleum or tile, provided the floor is clean, level and doesn’t have moisture problems.
How do laminate floor panels lock together?
There are many types of edge joining systems used to connect laminate flooring panels together. Some laminate floor connections snap together by hand while others require a light tap with a mallet and a tapping block. Still others use a combination of a "snap" click edge and a "bang" or "tap" click at the end of the panels. While most of the various systems work well to secure your laminate floor, it is important to read your laminate flooring installation instructions carefully. Familiarize yourself with how your flooring locks together before starting your installation and practice on a few pieces.
Where can I install laminate flooring?
Laminate flooring is an extremely versatile flooring product. It can be installed in virtually any room of your home, above or below ground, over wood or concrete. Keep in mind there are several locations that are not recommended. Because laminate flooring is a wood flooring product it is not recommended that laminates be installed in wet locations such as bathrooms, washrooms, saunas, enclosed porches or verandas, or anywhere that may require wet-mopping. Extended exposure to moisture of this type may cause the core of your laminate flooring to warp or swell. In some instances, with special installation procedures, it is possible to install laminate floors in bathrooms where water will not stand on the floor for any length of time. Other than that, laminate is very versatile: install it in living and dining rooms, kitchens, hallways, foyers, bedrooms, basements, stairs, offices, retail spaces and many other locations.
What are the advantages of laminate flooring over those of solid hardwood flooring?
Price. Laminate flooring is typically half the cost of traditional hardwood flooring. Sometimes the savings are even greater, depending on the type of flooring in question. And with recent innovations in technology, laminates look more and more like real wood. Laminate is easier to install than solid hardwood and many people can install it themselves without any previous carpentry experience whereas solid hardwood requires a specific level of expertise. With a laminate you won’t need nails and/or glue, as is the case with newer laminate locking systems. Therefore installation happens fast, in way less time than solid hardwoods can be installed and your finished floor will be scratch- and fade-resistant, two areas where solid hardwood is known to be more vulnerable.
What do I need to know before I start installing my laminate floor?
Think about this before you begin your installation:
Ensure that your subfloor is flat, dry, and smooth.
Always use underlayment under your laminate floor for soundproofing. Some laminates have underlayment built into the bottom layer, if not, find a good one.
Laminate flooring and underlayment/vapor barrier can be installed over concrete, wood flooring, vinyl tile, linoleum, tile, or virtually any other hard, flat surface.
Take extra care when installing laminate flooring over radiant heating. Ensure that you read both the laminate flooring and radiant heat system instructions carefully before beginning.
Read your laminate flooring manufacturer’s installation instructions carefully.
Allow your laminate flooring to acclimatize to the room where it will be installed for as long as possible (at least 48 hours) by opening the boxes and letting the laminate stay, uninstalled, in the room.
Inspect each laminate flooring panel carefully for defects or damage before installing it.
What do I have to do before installation?
You must acclimate your laminate boards for 48 hours in the room where they will be installed, before you install them. That means open the boxes and let the laminate boards adjust to their surroundings. Installation should take place at room temperature of at least 65°F (15°C). A floor surface temperature of 59°F and an overall room temperature of 64°F must be ensured before, during and three days after the installation.
Do I have to keep staggering the planks in my laminate flooring installation?
The first row should be started with a full plank, the second row with a 2/3 plank and the third row with a 1/3 plank. The distance between joints from one row to the next for the remainder of the installation must be 8″ or greater.
How do I determine the direction in which to install my laminate flooring?
To decide where to begin the layout of your floor, consider incoming light. It is usually best to install laminate flooring with the planks running parallel to light coming in windows or glass doors. For any installation, the starting wall should be as long and straight as possible.
Will there be any cutting waste?
In an average installation, approximately 7% to 10% of the total area to be covered will be wasted for several reasons, typically cuts, planks damaged during installation, or errors.
What is the reason for the necessary 10mm gap left around the perimeter of the interior and around other obstacles within it?
Since the laminate core is derived from wood, it is subject to expansion caused by room temperatures and humidity levels. An expansion gap is a necessary part of any successful installation because it allows space for the expansion of the floor as it responds to these external influences of temperature and humidity. When it is exposed to warmer temperatures, or to increased humidity, laminate flooring planks expand outward. Leaving out the essential element of an outside gap can cause the buckling of the individual laminate flooring planks as the planks push outward against walls or other obstacles.
I didn’t get my first row straight. Can I continue?
Do not continue. Getting the first row absolutely straight is the foundation – perhaps the most critical part- to a successful installation. If your first rows are not properly aligned, or the joints are not tightly sealed, the entire installation will be compromised. (The error will magnify as you continue installing.) Along both sides and ends, all planks must be parallel to each other or there will be wedge-shaped gaps between planks. If residue is caught in the grooves, poor alignment can also result. Remember to make sure all grooves are clean before installation.
How do I choose the right flooring accessories?
Here is a brief guide to moldings and their best uses for a laminate flooring project:
How should I install flooring profiles?
You can glue or nail flooring profiles (bottom channel) to the floor.
What is a floating floor?
A floating floor is a floor built with all its parts attached to each other but with none of these component parts fixed to the supporting floor. Virtually all laminate floors install as floating floors.
What is HDF and what is it made of?
High density fiberboard, HDF, is basically a high-density, moisture-resistant fiber panel. It is made of wood residues (sawdust, shavings and wood chips) from wood processing factories. This ligneous material is ground into a pulp to which a melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin is added. This pulp is then dried and pressed into panels.
How is the paper applied to the HDF core?
The melamine impregnated paper is thermo-fused to the core, topped with an aluminum-oxide wear layer.
Why is a moisture barrier used on concrete?
Concrete floors below ground are capable of storing a vast amount of water. It is crucial to avoid all direct contact between the laminate flooring and the concrete floor because the soil beneath the concrete can transmit humidity into the floor. Installing a moisture barrier over all concrete surfaces is mandatory for a successful installation and for the ongoing life of your laminate floor.
How can I get the shine of my floor to increase?
The shine can not be modified as it is a manufactured characteristic. Therefore, you must never wax or polish a laminate floor.
Can laminate flooring be installed on steps?
Yes, laminate flooring can be installed on steps but with this exceptional installation, the planks should be glued down with regular wood glue. The moldings and transitions need to be nailed down. You must also ensure this meets your local building code.
Can laminate flooring be installed in my screened in porch or patio?
No, laminate flooring must be installed in a climate-controlled area.
Can we install laminate over carpet?
No, all carpet and padding should be removed completely prior to installation.
How often do the wood grain patterns repeat on your flooring?
The patterns repeat every 20 planks.
How do I clean my laminate flooring?
Laminate flooring is a beautiful, low maintenance, long-lasting flooring. There are several simple steps that you can take to keep your laminate flooring clean and to ensure that you get many years of service from it. Simply dust mop or vacuum with a soft brush or wood floor accessory to keep your laminate floor clean from dust, dirt or grit.
A damp cloth or mop can be used without damage to the laminate flooring panels, but do not use excessive water. Dry the floor thoroughly with a clean, soft cloth.
Blot up spills or water from wet feet or footwear immediately with a clean, dry cloth, sponge, or paper towel. Do not allow excess liquid to remain on the surface of your laminate floor.
Do not use soap-based detergents, abrasive cleaners, or combined "clean and shine" products on your laminate floor.
Do not use steel wool or other scouring pads that may scratch laminate panels.
Do not wax or polish your laminate flooring.
Do not steam clean or use chemicals that may damage the laminate flooring surface.
For stubborn spots or stains on laminate flooring use acetone or nail polish remover on stubborn substances such as tar, asphalt, paint, or oil. Then wipe clean with a damp cloth.
How do I care for and maintain my laminate floors?
While laminate floors are highly resistant to stains and abrasions, they are not indestructible. In order to maximize the durability and beauty of your laminate flooring, we recommend the following practices as part of your floor’s normal care and maintenance.
Place a doormat outside the exterior entrances to collect excess moisture, sand, grit and other potentially damaging substances from being tracked onto your laminate floor.
Use only colorfast and non-scratch carpeting or pads on your laminate surface.
Avoid sharp or pointed objects with concentrated weight such as high heels on your laminate flooring.
Use protective felt pads under furniture legs or wide castors under appliance levelers.
Do not slide furniture or appliances across your laminate floor. If using a wheeled dolly to move furniture or appliances, place a clean sheet of smooth plywood or other protective layer over your laminate surface.
Rearrange furniture occasionally for increased indentation resistance.
Do not treat or seal your laminate floor panels after they are installed.
Never sand, lacquer, or refinish your laminate flooring surfaces.
How do I repair minor scratches?
Minor scratches or nicks can be repaired with laminate floor repair paste. This can be purchased in most retail flooring stores.
What is the difference between a brown core and a green core in laminate flooring?
The cores are the same. The green product is a result of a coloring agent added to the adhesive in the manufacturing of the High Density Fiberboard (HDF) core in response to general market preference.
How do I replace one plank of my flooring due to damage?
If the plank that needs replacing is close to the edge of the room, simply disassemble the floor to the position of the plank to be replaced and then reinstall the plank(s). There is a more complicated procedure if you need to replace a single hard-to-get-to plank. It’s best to call the company you bought the flooring from and ask to speak to a product specialist for specific instructions.
What is a laminate flooring AC rating?
AC hardness ratings are a standardized measure adopted by The Association of European Producers of Laminate Flooring (ELPF). The AC measure rates abrasion resistance, impact resistance, resistance to staining and cigarette burns, and thickness swelling along edges. If a laminate floor cannot meet the requirements for each of these ratings, approval for a given AC rating will be denied. AC ratings 4 and 5 are equally suitable for residential use as AC3 but somewhat more suitable for high traffic commercial applications. AC ratings below 3 are recommended for low traffic residential use only. Here is a more detailed guide:
AC1 is suitable for lighter, more infrequent traffic, e.g. a bedroom.
AC2 is suitable for general residential use in living rooms and dining rooms.
AC3 can be applied to more varied locations, such as high traffic rooms, small offices and other light commercial locations.
AC4 can be installed in higher traffic commercial areas such as boutiques, busier offices, and restaurants.
AC5 is more durable still and can withstand the traffic of heavier commercial areas such as department stores and public buildings.
Can we mix and match designs of the flooring?
While using the same flooring design throughout your home creates a sense of space, it's not necessarily the way to make the most of each individual room. Dark wood floors, such as Wenge Panga Panga, Country Ebony, Plateau Oak or Royal Pine, work well in large rooms; smaller rooms benefit from lighter tones such as heritage oak, mandarin oak, siam teak, malmo teak or tropea ash. Not only you can combine different designs for the flooring in your home, but you can also mix and match designs within the same area such as bedroom- as long as there are in the same thickness panels of Robina.
Can we install laminate flooring over existing parquet floor?
Laminate flooring may be placed over almost any hard surface including plywood, concrete, vinyl flooring and hardwood floors. Parquet flooring is typically a type of hardwood floor, so it is a candidate to act as a subfloor for laminates. Since Robina laminate flooring is gluefree installation, they can be removed if you change your mind later and want to go back to a parquet floor again.
Can we install laminate flooring on the wall?
Laminate flooring is a great way to make a quick, affordable update to almost any room in the house. Even though its primary function is for flooring, it can also be used to create style in more unexpected places too- like taking a simple wall and making it one of the highlights of a home. Try using it to turn a plain stretch of wall into an accent wall. With the right tools and a little know-how, you can create a conversation starter in just one afternoon.
Step 1: MEASURE
Begin by measuring the wall so you can calculate the amount of flooring needed. If you’ll have to make cuts… decide whether you want the cut board at the top or the bottom of the wall, and start at the other end.
Step 2: FIND YOUR STUDS
With a stud finder, locate and mark all of the studs, creating a reference grid on the wall.
Step 3: RACK YOUR BOARDS
Then, lay out the boards on the floor to plan your cuts before starting work.
Step 4: GLUE
Squirt a thin bead of construction adhesive onto the back of the first board in a zigzag pattern, before applying it to the wall in a corner and aligning it with edge of the wall.
Step 5: NAIL
At each stud location, use a finish nail gun to secure the board by driving a nail through the tongue of the board at a 45 degree angle.
Step 6: REPEAT
Now, simply repeat this process across the wall. For each new row, be sure to alternate the location of joints between boards, so they don’t line up on top of each other. Use a mallet and a scrap of wood to gently tap each new board against the adjoining board. When you reach the end you’ll likely have a cut board, so you may have to face nail the last board and cover the hole with matching wood filler. The result is a unique project you can tell your friends about…. Because they’re sure to ask.
Robina Laminate Flooring
Tapping Board or 2x4
Nail gun with brad nails
What are differences between each collection beside the designs?
We offered collections of Nature 8mm, Nature 12mm, Avant-Garde & Sleek collection to the market and each collection is having their special theme with selected decors :-
1. Nature 8mm or 12mm – all time favourite.
These all time favourite decors were carefully selected by our in-house design team to exude timeless aesthetic to any discerning home ideas. 12mm panels surely provide more solid walking comfort than 8mm panels.Both are AC3 rated surface, Deep Emboss texture and with 10 years warranty for domestic application.
2. Avant-Garde collection – for exotic and unique lifestyle
A rich array of styles designed to inspire your global spirit; all of which can withstand heavy traffic as well (AC4 rated). Exotic range with fascinating decors and easy to mix-and-match designs to create unique personal styles. It comes with Silky Gloss texture and with 25 years warranty for domestic application.
3. Sleek collection – for stylish and extraordinary lifestyle
Place a higher value on a warm, comfortable atmosphere than anything, giving the room a soft and cosy feeling. An inspiring choice of wooden flooring, offers fascinating, authentic natural wood look by true to nature finishing. Remain timeless, because of grace, elegance and durability. It comes with AC4 rated surface, Silky Gloss texture, V-Groove and with 25 years warranty for domestic application.
Super love the Robina laminate flooring! I choose Modern Oak for my house and it is excellent
Hui Syin, Temerluh
Saya pilih papan lantai Robina sebab ia sepadan dengan perabut rumah saya. Keluarga saya amat berpuas hati dengan kualiti product Malaysia ini.
Dato' Amirull, pembeli Tropical Chengal
Lovely and Great BANG FOR YOUR BUCK!
I purchased Robina Karelia Maple for my dining room and I simply love it. Goes well with my hardwood furniture. The floor exudes warmth and comfort throughout the room and is very easy to clean. You've got to see this floor in person to appreciate it!
Ibrahim, Shah Alam